The oil is prepared by using fresh oil-yielding rose blossoms (Rose damascena – Miller) through water distillation.
The oil is oily, transparent liquid heterogeneous mass at temperature below 23°C. It has yellow (yellow-green) colour and fine, warm, dense blossom scent with soft hot honey remnants.
The main ingredients of rose oil are citronellol, geraniol, nerol, linalool, concentrated oil alcohols, β-phenyllithium alcohol, farnesol, terpinene 1-ol-4 and acetates of specified alcohols such as: geranyl acetate, citronellyl acetate, neryl acetate, linalyl acetate, etc., free acids, aldehydes – oil and aromatic, geranial, neral, cetones, phenols and phenole ethers, normal paraffin, hydrocarbons, phenole ethers, normal paraffin hydrocarbons, rose oxide.
Application: Bulgarian rose oil is used widely in fine perfumery, cosmetics and medicine.